OSKY follows a comprehensive methodology for conducting penetration tests on all web applications and services, aligning with standard penetration testing practices. This methodology ensures a systematic and thorough assessment of security vulnerabilities within the web infrastructure. Here is an overview of OSKY’s penetration testing methodology:

1. Scope Definition:

  • Clearly define the scope of the penetration test, identifying all web applications and services that will be assessed. This includes specifying the target systems, networks, and any constraints to ensure a focused and effective testing approach.

2. Information Gathering:

  • Gather relevant information about the web applications and services, including details about the architecture, technologies used, and potential vulnerabilities. This phase involves reconnaissance to understand the target environment thoroughly.

3. Threat Modelling:

  • Conduct threat modelling to identify potential attack vectors and prioritise testing efforts based on the criticality of assets and potential impact. This step helps tailor the penetration test to address the most significant risks to the web applications and services.

4. Vulnerability Analysis:

  • Utilise automated scanning tools and manual techniques to identify vulnerabilities within the web applications and services. This includes assessing common issues such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and insecure configuration settings.

5. Exploitation:

  • Attempt to exploit identified vulnerabilities to assess the real-world impact and verify the existence of security weaknesses. This phase includes simulated attacks to understand how an attacker could leverage vulnerabilities to compromise the web applications or services.

6. Privilege Escalation:

  • Assess the potential for privilege escalation within the web applications and services. Evaluate whether an attacker could gain unauthorised access or escalate privileges to compromise sensitive information or manipulate functionalities.

7. Post-Exploitation Analysis:

  • Analyse the results of successful exploits, focusing on the post-exploitation phase. This involves identifying the extent of the compromise, potential lateral movement, and the ability of an attacker to maintain persistence within the environment.

8. Documentation:

  • Document all findings, including identified vulnerabilities, successful exploits, and recommendations for remediation. Provide a detailed report that outlines the impact, risk level, and suggested mitigation measures for each identified issue.

9. Reporting and Communication:

  • Present the penetration test results to relevant stakeholders, including technical and non-technical audiences. Communicate the findings in a clear and concise manner, emphasising the severity of vulnerabilities and providing guidance on remediation steps.

10. Remediation Support:

  • Collaborate with the client to provide support and guidance during the remediation process. Offer recommendations on how to address identified vulnerabilities and assist in validating the effectiveness of implemented security controls.

11. Continuous Improvement:

  • Conduct a post-test review to gather insights and lessons learned. Use this information to refine and enhance the penetration testing methodology continually. Identify areas for improvement in both testing techniques and overall security posture.

By adhering to this penetration testing methodology, OSKY ensures a thorough and effective assessment of web applications and services, helping clients identify and address potential security risks proactively.

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